The average cost of grain haulage was 1.2% lower between March and April compared to the same time last year, but increased 4.4% for longer journeys, reports AHDB/HGCA.

Results from the AHDB/HGCA UK Grain Haulage Survey 2014 show some increases despite the diesel retail price being 2% lower between July 2013 and April 2014 compared to the same period in 2012-13.

See also: Survey shows steady farm production costs

Journeys of 10 miles cost on average £4.33/t, a drop of 12% or 59p/t compared with the year before, whereas journeys of 150 miles of more cost on average £14.10/t, with a rise of 59p/t. The cost of an average 90-mile journey was the highest since 2004 at £9.91, while there was no change for journeys of 80 miles, which cost £9.22/t on average.

“Higher costs for longer distances may be due to empty, or lower than capacity, backloads,” said Amandeep Kaur Purewal, senior analyst at AHDB/HGCA.

“Lower production in 2013-14 may have meant that the wheat crop travelled over longer distances in the UK.”

Regionally there were large differences, with journeys of between 80 and 150 miles in Scotland resulting in the highest costs compared with the rest of the UK. The East was the only region to report year-on-year higher costs for journeys or all distances.

The South East had the most expensive short journeys, with a 10-mile journey costing £5.56/t (£0.56/mile), while the North East boasted the cheapest journeys of between 10 and 60 miles, with a 10-mile journey costing £3.51/t (£0.35/mile).

“Looking ahead to 2014-15, plantings indicate a return to a ‘normal’ cropping mix in the UK, so the higher expected volume of wheat could provide higher demand for haulage, with potential implications for costs,” said Mr Kaur Purewal.

Data for the survey was collected from grain hauliers over four weeks from 27 March to 25 April 2014, covering 227 journeys.

UK haulage costs   £/tonne
 Distance (miles)  2004  2005 2006  2007  2008  2009  2010 2012 2013 2014 % change 2013-14
10 4.05 4.29 4.09 4.18  4.83  4.24  4.54  4.28  4.92  4.33 -12.0
20 4.52 4.77  4.57  4.69  5.35  4.81 5.03  4.90 5.54 5.03  -9.2
30 5.00  5.26 5.05 5.20  5.87 5.38 5.52  5.51  6.15  5.73  -6.8
40 5.47  5.74 5.53 5.72 6.40 5.95 6.01 6.13 6.76

6.42

-5.0
50  5.94  6.23 6.02 6.23 6.92 6.52  6.50  6.75  7.38 7.12  -3.5
60 6.42  6.71 6.50 6.74 7.45 7.09 6.98  7.36 7.99  7.82  -2.1
70 6.89 7.20 6.98 7.25 7.97 7.67 7.47 7.98 8.60 8.52 -0.9
80 7.36  7.68  7.46  7.76 8.49 8.24  7.96 

8.59

9.22 9.22  0.0
90 7.84  8.17  7.94  8.27  9.02  8.81  8.45  9.21  9.83 9.91 +0.8
100 8.31 8.65 8.43 8.78 9.54 9.38 8.94  9.83  10.44  10.61  +1.6
125 9.50 9.87  9.63 10.06  10.85  10.81  10.16  11.37  11.97  12.36  +3.3
150 10.68  11.08  10.84  11.34  12.16  12.23  11.39  12.91  13.51  14.10  +4.4
2014 Grain Haulage Survey results – regional reference table
£/tonne Scotland North East Midlands Eastern South West South East

 

£/t cost

£/mile

£/t cost

£/mile

£/t cost

£/mile

£/t cost

£/mile

£/t cost

£/mile

£/t cost

£/mile

Journey distance (miles)

10

4.57

0.46

3.51

0.35

4.32

0.43

4.91

0.49

4.89

0.49

5.56

0.56

20

5.29

0.26

4.28

0.21

4.96

0.25

5.45

0.27

5.56

0.28

6.14

0.31

30

6.01

0.20

5.05

0.17

5.60

0.19

6.00

0.20

6.24

0.21

6.71

0.22

40

6.73

0.17

5.82

0.15

6.24

0.16

6.54

0.16

6.91

0.17

7.28

0.18

50

7.46

0.15

6.59

0.13

6.88

0.14

7.09

0.14

7.58

0.15

7.86

0.16

60

8.18

0.14

7.36

0.12

7.52

0.13

7.64

0.13

8.25

0.14

8.43

0.14

70

8.90

0.13

8.13

0.12

8.16

0.12

8.18

0.12

8.93

0.13

9.00

0.13

80

9.62

0.12

8.90

0.11

8.80

0.11

8.73

0.11

9.60

0.12

9.58

0.12

90

10.34

0.11

9.67

0.11

9.43

0.10

9.27

0.10

10.27

0.11

10.15

0.11

100

11.07

0.11

10.44

0.10

10.07

0.10

9.82

0.10

10.95

0.11

10.72

0.11

125

12.87

0.10

12.36

0.10

11.67

0.09

11.19

0.09

12.63

0.10

12.15

0.10

150

14.68

0.10

14.29

0.10

13.27

0.09

12.55

0.08

14.31

0.10

13.59

0.09

Note: North West figures are omitted due to a lack of sufficient data for this region. The figures for each region relate to hauls of asingle load from this region. NB: Some of the regions had poor response rates so this table should be treated with some caution.Source: AHDB/ HGCA Grain Haulage Survey 2014.