In Canada, your eligibility for subsidy depends on what you grow, and to some extent where.
With 75-80% of wheat exported, crop and livestock farmers sell at North American or international market prices. A national programme, AgriStability, pays out to those farmers that are generally profitable, but are hit by market price dips or crop failure.
A substantial part of the country’s $8bn (£5bn) of farm support is supply management to protect Canadian dairy and poultry producers. Consumer prices are set at a level that gives farmers a reasonable profit, keeping milk in Canadian shops currently about 60 cents/litre (37p/litre) above US prices.
While Canadian processors often complain about the higher prices, consumers don’t usually object, said John Morriss, editorial director of Country Guide, Canada’s largest national farming magazine. “No government would dare touch [supply management]. It’s sacrosanct,” Mr Morriss said.
But it comes under fire in world trade talks.
“It’s fine for our friends in Australia and New Zealand to throw nasty comments about our closed market. They don’t share 5000km of border with the world’s largest subsidised agricultural economy.”
Sharing that border has its ups and downs. Recently, cattle and pig producers have had to face sharp discounts due to US country-of-origin-labelling (COOL) laws, which require both animals and meat to be segregated when sent to the US.