24 November 1995

Category approval

Category C

C1.Improving Fermentation: In each trial at least three parameters, usually ammonia nitrogen and pH plus fermentation acids, for example lactic, acetic or butyric acid, must be used to judge the effectiveness of the end fermentation. In certain instances a technique to show that an additive has more rapidly reduced the pH and sugar levels in the crop ensiled and accelerated production of acid, for example lactic acid, compared with untreated silage, may be used.

C2. Aerobic Stability: This indicates that an additive will improve the keeping properties of the silage once it is opened. It may be measured by showing that an additive reduces the temperature when silage is exposed to air. This is achieved by using a special test to show that it reduces the production of carbon dioxide, by chemical parameters such as pH, or by showing that it reduces the number of yeasts and moulds compared with treated silage.

C3. Reducing Effluent: This is particularly important when wet silages are made and shows that the use of the additive will significantly reduce the amount of effluent produced. Laboratory studies may be used provided that the test conditions are shown to be representative of farm conditions.

C4. Reducing Ensiling Losses: Additive use must be shown to significantly reduce the amount of dry matter, organic matter, energy or nitrogen lost from the silo.

Category B

B1. Improving Voluntary Intakes: Additives must be shown to increase the voluntary intake of silage compared to untreated silage.

B2. Improving Digestibility in vivo: Additives must be shown to improve the proportion of the silage that can be digested by the animal when it is fed, usually to sheep, for a defined period of time.

B3. Improving Efficiency in Energy and/or Protein Use: Additives must be shown to improve the use of energy or protein when the silage is fed to stock.

Category A

A1. Improving Animal Gains: Additive treated silage must be shown to significantly improve the liveweight gain of stock compared with untreated silage.

A2. Improving Milk Production: Additive treated silage must be shown to significantly improve the amount of milk produced compared with untreated silage.

&#8226 Significant benefits in terms of improved butterfat or protein will also be taken into account.

To gain approval in each category a set number of qualifying trials must be submitted. These must all use forage relevant to UK conditions and preferably over a range of dry matters.

They must compare identical forage ensiled with no additive and with the additive used at the manufacturers recommended rate. The trials must be scientifically designed and to be approved, the additive treatment must be significantly better than the untreated silage.

The scheme lists silage additives in three general categories. Category C is concerned with the ensiling process, Category B short term animal nutrition studies and Category A animal performance when the silage is fed. Each category is further subdivided to give a total of nine separate approvals that can be gained.


Inoculant and inoculant and enzyme additives

Name of product Main activeFormApplication rate £/tData Approval category

(distributor)Ingredientsapplied(kg/t)(l/t)ensiledsubmittedCBA

123412312


Inoculant and inoculant and enzyme additives

Name of product Main activeFormApplication rate £/tData Approval category

(distributor)Ingredientsapplied(kg/t)(l/t)ensiledsubmittedCBA

123412312


&#8226 Use it to check whether you are using the right additive for your conditions.

&#8226 Gives comprehensive details on the best products in three categories.

lAll have a proven level of efficacy under a wide range of silage making conditions.


Inoculant and inoculant and enzyme additives

Name of product Main activeFormApplication rate £/tData Approval category

(distributor)Ingredientsapplied(kg/t)(l/t)ensiledsubmittedCBA

123412312


Absorbent additives

Product nameMain activeFormAppl. rate £/tData Approval category

(distributor)ingredientsappliedkg/t litres/tensiledsubmittedCBA

123412312

FoddermatchBeet pulp Pellets25 – 503.00-6.00No

(BOCM Pauls)Nutritionally-improved straw

Molasses

Other carbohydrate sources

Molassed sugarSugar fibrePellets15-601.65-6.60Yesllll

beet feedor shreds

(Trident Feeds)

Sweet n DrySugar andMini-pellets15-452.40-7.20Yesl

(BDugdale unmolassed

&Son)sugar beet pulp


Inoculant and inoculant and enzyme additives

Name of product Main activeFormApplication rate £/tData Approval category

(distributor)Ingredientsapplied(kg/t)(l/t)ensiledsubmittedCBA

123412312


ABT – SileLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.30-1.40Yesll

(Agri BioTechnologiesStreptococcus faeciumLiquid21.30-1.40

Europe)Pediococci strains

Enzymes

Sugars

AdvanceLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.40-1.55Yesllllll

(Provita Eurotech)Streptococcus faeciumLiquid21.40-1.55

Pediococci strains

Enzymes

Sugars

Ag-Bag PlusLactobacillus caseiLiquid2 1.20Yes

(Ag-Bag International)Lactobacillus plantarum

Pediococcus, bacillus subtilis

Streptococcus faecium

Cellulase, hemicellulase

Proprioni bacteria, calcium proprionate

Agri-SilinocLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.40-1.50Yesllllll

(Agri-Lloyd International)Streptococcus faeciumLiquid21.40-1.50

Pediococcus acidilactici

Cellulase, hemicellulase

Pentosanase, amylase

AgrosLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.41.46Yesll

(Volac International)EnzymesLiquid21.30

AxpHast Big BalePediococcus pentosaceusLiquid 41.85-2.15Yesllll

(Biotal)Lactobacillus plantarum

Propionibacterium jensenii

Xylanase

b-glucanase

Galactomannanase, a-amylase

AxpHast Profile IIPediococcus pentosaceusGranular0.41.88-2.18Yeslll &#8226

(Biotal)Lactobacillus plantarumLiquid21.85-2.15

Propionibacterium Jensenii

Xylanase

B-glucanase

Galactomannanase, a-amylase

Bacta-SileLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.40-1.50Yesllllll

(Heygate & Sons)Streptococcus faeciumLiquid21.40-1.50

Pediococci strains

Enzymes

Sugars

Bactensil 2000 Lactobacillus caseiYesl

(Rumenco)Pediococcus pentosaceusLiquid31.40

Lactobacillus plantarum

Hemicellulases

Cellulase

Bacto-SileLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.40-1.50Yesllllll

(Caltech Biotechnology)Streptococcus faeciumLiquid21.40-1.50

Pediococci strains

Enzymes

Sugars

BaczymeLactobacillus plantarumLiquid1-21.95Yeslllll

(Minsups)Pediococcus acidilactici

Lactococcus lactis lactis

Clostridial bacteriophages

Hemicellulase and cellulase enzymes

BalezymeCellulaseLiquid0.13l enzyme +1.80Yes

(Finnfeeds International)Xylanase 1.3g bacteria

Glucose oxidase

Pediococcus acidilactici

Lactobacillus plantarum

Bibby DiamondLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.251.57Yeslllll

Triplesile PlusPedicococcus pentosaceusLiquid21.45

(J Bibby Agriculture)

Big Bale SilagepakLactobacillus plantarumLiquid21.84No

(Starlyne Feeds)Pediococcus acidilactici

Pediococcus pentosaceus

Cellulases

Hemicellulases

Bio-LogicPediococcus pentosaceusGranular0.41.75Yesl

(AgroConceptsLactobacillus plantarumLiquid21.75

International)Fibrolytic enzymes

Lactic bacteria stimulant

Bio-Logic MaizePpediococcus pentosaceusLiquid21.75Yesll

(AgriConceptsPropionibacterum shermanii

International)Bacterial stimulant

Fibrolytic enzymes

BiodexLactobacillus plantarumLiquid2ContactYeslllll

(Lever Industrial)Pediococcus acidilacticisupplier

Lactococcus lactis lactis

Clostridial bacteriophages

Hemicellulase and cellulase enzymes

BiofermLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.4551.28Yesllll &#8226

(Britmilk)Pediococcus acidilacticiLiquid2.251.28

Streptococcus faecium

Lactococcus lactis lactis

Clostridial bacteriophages

Hhemicellulase and cellulase enzymes

BiomaxLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.251.40Yesllll &#8226

(Chr. Hansens BioPediococcus pentosaceusLiquid21.30

Systems)

BiophageLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.55Yeslllll

(FSL Bells)Pediococcus acidilacticiLiquid21.55

Streptococcus lactis

Lactococcus lactis lactis

Clostridiaphage

Enzymes

CalibreLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.45Yesllllll

(Cargill)Streptococcus faeciumLiquid21.45

Pedicoccus acidilactici

Cellulase, hemicellulase

Pentosanase, amylase

Circle ActivePediococcus pentosaceusGranular0.41.70Yesll

(Nickerson Seeds)Lactobacillus plantarumLiquid2-41.70

Lactobacillus casei

Propionibacterium shermanii

Hydrolytic enzymes

Bacterial activator

ConservePedioccus acidilacticiGranular0.41.40Yesllll

(Thomas & Fontaine)Lactobacillus plantarumLiquid21.40

D+ZymeCellulaseLiquid 0.131 enzyme+1.85Yes

(Finnfeeds International)Xylanase1.3g bacteria

Glucose oxidase

Lactobacillus plantarum

Pediococcus acidilactici

EcobaleLactobacillus plantarumLiquid31.75-2.00Yesl llllll

(Zeneca Bio Products)Serratia rubidaea

Bacillus subtilis

EcocornLactobaccilus plantarum Liquid21.10-1.20Yes &#8226

(Zeneca Bio Products)Pediococcus pentosaceus

Serratia rubidaea

Bacillus subtilis

EcosylLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.50-1.65Yeslllllll

(Zeneca Bio Products)Liquid31.50-1.65

FailsafeHemicellulaseLiquid21.50Yes

(AgBag International)Xylanase

Cellulase

Lactobacillus plantarum

Pediococcus pentosaceus

Bacillus subtilis

First ChoiceLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.41.50Yesll

(Pan Veterinary)Pediococcus pentosaceusLiquid21.50

Lactobacillus casei

Propionibacterium shermanii

Enzymes

FoliaLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.85-1.95Yesl

(Daimar)Pediococcus acidilacticiLiquid21.75-1.85

Xylanase

Pectinase

Cellulase

Hemicellulase

Folia SecPropionibacterium FM8Liquid21.80-1.90No

(Daimar)Lactobacillus plantarum

Pediococcus acidilactici

Forager+Lactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.40-1.50Yesllllll

(Cyanamid of GreatStreptococcus faeciumLiquid21.40-1.50

Britain)Pediococcus acidilactici

Cellulase, hemicellulase

Pentosanase, amylase

Four-SileLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.49Yeslllll

(Foursight Agriculture)Pediococcus acidilacticiLiquid21.49

Lactococcus lactis lactis

Clostridial bacteriophages

Cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes

Genus Instant SilageLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.40Yesllllll

Inoculant for GrassPediococcus acidilacticiLiquid21.40

(Genus)Streptococcus faecium

Genus Instant SilageLactobacillus plantarumLiquid21.10No

Inoculant for MaizePediococcus acidilactici

(Genus)

Gold SileLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.41.30Yesll

(J G Chemicals)Pediococcus pentosaceusLiquid2-41.30

Lactobacillus casei

Propionibacterium shermanii

Hydrolytic enzymes

GoldensileLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.30-1.40Yes ll

(Marr & MacGregor Feeds)Streptococcus faeciumLiquid21.30-1.40

Pediococci strains

Enzymes

Sugars

GoldstorePediococcus pentosaceusGranular0.41.68-1.98Yeslll

(Biotal)Propionibacterium jenseniiLiquid2-41.65-3.90

Xylanase

b-glucanase

Galactomannanase

GraszymeLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.30Yesl llll

(Agritech)Pediococcus acidilacticiLiquid21.30

Lactococcus lactis lactis

Clostridial bacteriophages

Cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes

Green GoldLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.4550.98Yes

(Britmilk)Pediococcus acidilacticiLiquid2.250.98

Streptococcus faecium

Lactococcus lactis lactis

H/M InoculantStreptococcus faeciumGranular0.51.55Yesllllll

(Nutrimix)Pediococcus acidilacticiLiquid11.55

Lactobacillus plantarum

INforceLactobacillus caseiGranular0.41.50-1.60Yesl

(Cultech)Pediococcus pentosaceusLiquid31.50-1.60

Lactobacillus plantarum

Hemicellulases

Cellulase

Kem LacLactobacillus plantarumLiquid11.00-1.30No

(Kemin (UK))Lactobacillus acidophilus

Lactobacillus bulgaricus

Amylase

Cellulase

Lactosile ExtraLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.40-1.50Yesllllll

(Tithebarn)Streptococcus faeciumLiquid21.40-1.50

Pediococcus acidilactici

Cellulase, hemicellulase

Pentosanase, amylases

Live System SilageLactobacillus plantarumLiquid20.99Yesl

Inoculant

(Genus)

Maize-AllLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.15No

(Alltech (UK))Pediococcus acidilacticiLiquid21.15

Amylase

Malt Mix SilageLactic acid producing bacteriaLiquid20.60No

Inoculant (Clean Feed Co)

Maxi-SileLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.4541.50Yeslllll

(UFAC (UK))Pedicococcus acidilacticiLiquid21.50

Lactococcus lactis lactis

Clostridial bacteriophasges

Cellulases

Hemicellulases

MegasileLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.41.40Yesllll

(Lloyds Animal Feeds)Pediococcus acidilacticiLiquid21.40

Microsile 2000Lactobacillus plantarumLiquid11.70Yeslllll

(Vitrition)Pediococcus acidilactici

Lactococcus lactis lactis

Clostridial bacteriophages

Cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes

Pioneer Brand 1132Lactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.47Yes

Maize Silage InoculantEnterococcus faeciumLiquid21.47

(Pioneer Hi-Bred (UK))

Pioneer Brand 1188Lactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.40Yeslllllll

Enterococcus faeciumLiquid21.40

(Pioneer Hi-Bred (UK))

PremierLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.40Yes

(Ag-Bag International)Pediococcus pentosaceusLiquid21.40

Streptococcus

Cellulase

Hemicellulase

ProsileLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.50Yeslllll

(Hodges and Moss)Pediococcus acidilacticiLiquid21.50

Streptococcus faecium

Lactococcus lactis lactis

Clostridial bacteriophages

Cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes

Provensile EliteLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.40-1.50Yesllllll

(Scotmin Nutrition)Streptococcus faeciumLiquid21.40-1.50

Pediococci strains

Enzymes

Sugars

Regulator LivePediococcus acidilacticiGranular0.251.85Yesllllll

(Thomas & Fontaine)Lactobacillus plantarumLiquid21.85

Sulphite salts

ResultLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.30-1.50Yeslllll

(Nu Wave)Lactococcus lactis lactisLiquid11.25-1.45

Pediococcus acidilactici

Hydrolytic enzymes

Clostridiophages

Safe-Sile 4Lactobacillus plantarumGranular0.4541.51Yeslllll

(Downland Marketing)Pediococcus acidilacticiLiquid21.51

Lactococcus lactis lactis

Clostridial bacteriophages

Cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes

Sil-AllLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.40-1.50Yesllllll

(Alltech (UK))Streptococcus faeciumLiquid21.40-1.50

Pediococcus acidilactici

Cellulase

Hemicellulase

Pentosanase, amylase

Silage 48Lactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.20No

(Silage 48)Lactobacillus brevisLiquid11.20

Enterococcus faecium

Pediococcus acidilactici

Amylase, cellulase

Oligosaccharides, starch

Silage ProLactobacillus plantarumLiquid2?Yes

(Alfa Laval Agri)Pediococcus acidilactici

Enzymes

SilagepakLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.51.48Yeslllll

(Starlyne Feeds Ltd)Pediococcus acidilacticiLiquid21.48

Lactococcus lactis lactis

Clostridial bacteriophages

Cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes

Silo ActionLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.251.48Yeslllll

(Agricultural CentralPediococcus acidilacticiLiquid21.40

Trading)Lactococcus lactis lactis

Clostridial bacteriophages

Hemicellulase and cellulase enzymes

Silo Action Big BaleLactobacillus plantarumLiquid21.50No

(Agricultural CentralPediococcus acidilactici

Trading)Lactococcus lactis lactis

Bacteriocin strains

Hydrolytic enzymes

Silo Action-MaizeLactobacillus plantarumLiquid20.75No

(Agricultural CentralPediococcus acidilactici

Trading)Lactococus lactis lactis

Clostridial bacteriophages

Hemicellulase

Cellulase

SilusLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.41.50Yes

(Volac International)AllicinLiquid21.50

Enzymes

SoloPediococcus pentosaceusGranular0.41.00No

(Biotal)XylanaseLiquid10.90

b-glucanase

Galactomannanase

a-amylase

Super Sile GoldPedicoccus pentosaceusGranular0.41.53No

(Biotal)Lactobacillus plantarumLiquid11.50

Aylanase

b-glucanase

Galactamannanase

a-Amylase

Sure SileLactobacillus plantarumGranular0.4541.45Yeslllll

(Microferm)Pediococcus acidilacticiLiquid21.45

Lactococcus lactis lactis

Clostridial bacteriophages

Cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes

Sussex-SilePediococcus acidilacticiGranular20.75Yesllll

(Sussex Farmers)Lactobacillus plantarum

SweetSileLactobacillus strainsGranular0.51.40Yesl

(SweetSile)Pediococcus strainsLiquid21.40

Enzymes

Sugar


Acids and salts

Name of product Main activeFormApplication rate £/tData Approval category

(distributor)Ingredientsapplied(kg/t)(l/t)ensiledsubmittedCBA

123412312

Action FodderguardSulphuric acidLiquid2-40.70-1.80No

2000Formic acid

(Agricultural Central

Trading)

Action ProtoguardFormalinLiquid2-60.70-2.00Yeslll

2000Formic acid

(Agricultural Central

Trading)

Add-FFormic acidLiquid2.0-4.01.35-2.00Yesllllll

(Trouw Nutrition)

Add-saFe RAmmonium tetraformateLiquid2.5-5.01.40-3.10Yesl

(Trouw Nutrition)

EconsileFormic acidLiquid4-51.85No

(David Nunn)Formaldehyde

Sulphuric acid

EnsimaxLignosulphonatesLiquid42.75No

(FSL Bells)Formic acid

Acetic acid

Eurosil 70Acidic sodium sulphateGranular2-51.80Yes

(Timac (UK))Salts

Sugars

F100FormalinLiquid42.75Yesl

(FSL Bells)Formic acid

Fodderade ExtraFormalinLiquid2.5-4From 1.30No

(Dallas Keith)Formic acid

Fodderade H for hayPropionic acidLiquid13.00No

(Dallas Keith)Phosphoric acid

Alcohols

KemifermSulphuric acidGranular4-61.20-1.80No

(Kemira Chemicals AB)

MaxgrassBlend of carboxylic acidsLiquid6.03.80-4.00Yeslllll

(Trouw Nutrition)

MaxmaisBlend of carboxylic acidsLiquid5.03.30-3.50Yes

(Trouw Nutrition)

RegulatorSulphite saltsGranular0.251.20Yesll

(Thomas & Fontaine)Liquid21.20

Silage SavorPropionic acidGranular0.5-11.00-1.50No

(Kemin (UK))Sorbic acidLiquid0.5-11.00-1.50

Lactic acid

Silagepak Special FormulaFormalinLiquid2-41.24No

(Starlyne Feeds)Formic acid

Silo Guard IISulphur saltsGranular0.25-0.50.75-1.50Yeslll

(VIP Preservatives)Enzymes

SiloforFormic acidLiquid2.5-51.85No

(David Nunn)Formaldehyde

Staize CoolSulphite salts as liquidLiquid21.20Yesll

(Tithebarn)

Strathsile 1FormaldehydeLiquid3-6.51.90-4.12Yeslll

(Strathclyde Chemical Co)Formic acid

SUL 4Sulphuric acidLiquid2-50.70-1.75Yes

(Malcolm WainFormic acid

Agricultural Supplies)

SUL 45 plusSulphuric acidLiquid2.2-4.50.40-0.80Yesl

(Malcolm WainPropionic acid

Agricultural Supplies)

SupermixFormic acidLiquid2-6VariesYeslll

(Gower Chemicals)Formaldehyde

Supersile 45Sulphuric acidLiquid2-4VariesYesll

(Gower Chemicals)

UltrasilSodium nitriteLiquid22.50Yesl

(FSL Bells)Hexamethylene tetramine


Inoculant and inoculant and enzyme additives

Name of product Main activeFormApplication rate £/tData Approval category

(distributor)Ingredientsapplied(kg/t)(l/t)ensiledsubmittedCBA

123412312


Inoculant and inoculant and enzyme additives

Name of product Main activeFormApplication rate £/tData Approval category

(distributor)Ingredientsapplied(kg/t)(l/t)ensiledsubmittedCBA

123412312