Toy chicken facing pile of coins© Ismo Pekkarinen/REX/Shutterstock

Significant falls in levels of Chinese production have boosted the global poultry industry outlook, according to the latest quarterly survey by market analyst Rabobank.

Chinese production is expected to be down by 5% this year, and between 10-15% next year, positively affecting global market conditions following a relatively weak first half of the year.

See also: Poultry industry considers Brexit priorities

The fall in Chinese production, predicted for some time, has come after 18 months of sharp reductions in breeding stock imports due to avian influenza restrictions placed on key exporters.

This is likely to lead to an increase in local prices and more imports of poultry cuts and hatching eggs to China.

The global market situation has also been enhanced by the reduction in Brazilian and US supply growth, which – especially in the US – has led to improved margins.

The US has seen operating profit margins average a healthy 11% in the past quarter and Rabobank believes the market will continue to be strong for the rest of 2017.

Competition

The largest concern to the US poultry sector is the increased competition from other proteins, with lower beef prices expected to pressure the value equation that poultry has enjoyed in recent years.

Brazil, which gained significant global market share during the avian influenza crisis in the US, still faces the challenge of a weak domestic market, due to the economic situation and increasing feed prices.

EU countries have seen strong exports with volumes rising by 10% (75,000t), particularly to South Africa, the Philippines, Hong Kong and Ukraine.

EU imports also rose by 7% (25,000t) with Brazil and Thailand keen to push trade to offset local oversupply issues.

European production

The EU poultry industry itself is performing well, although it saw a drop in prices in the past quarter due to high production, higher feed prices and pressured demand, especially in Germany, the EU’s main import market.

The conditions have been offset, not just by strong exports, but lower production in the Netherlands and Germany, as the industry changes to new market concepts with slow-growing birds, leading to lower production at existing farms.

Looking ahead at the EU market, Rabobank says sustainability changes in north-western Europe will continue to impact markets, with little growth likely to be seen in key exporting nations, such as Germany and the Netherlands due to restrictions on capacity expansion.

New greenfield expansion projects are likely to move eastwards because of cost and regulation advantages, while the Brexit uncertainty is expected to keep UK investment limited for the time being.