New breadwheat shows potential

A new breadwheat variety will offer growers consistent quality and higher nitrogen efficiency than other bread-making wheats, according to breeder RAGT Seeds.

Mascot, bred from Reaper and Rialto, has a NABIM “highly rated” Group Two classification, but its consistent quality means it has potential as a Group One, says the firm’s Ed Flatman.

In Recommended List trials, the variety’s treated yield of 99% of control was greater than Malacca (95%), but slightly below Solstice (101%). It offers sound disease resistance:

Mildew is rated a seven, brown rust and eyespot six, septoria a five.

But Mascot is more susceptible to yellow rust (rated six) than Malacca (nine) or Solstice (nine), he says.

A key feature of Mascot is its efficient nitrogen use, says RAGT’s head of cereal breeding, Richard Summers.

In independent trials last year, applying 250kg/ha of nitrogen, Mascot yielded 9.6t/ha, at 14.17% protein (87% efficiency).

This compares with 8.75t/ha, 13.79% protein (77% efficiency) for Malacca and 9.07t/ha, 14.59% protein (85% efficiency) for Solstice.

“This makes it a more reliable crop when you want to hit 13% protein,” he adds.

Good milling and baking performance has been confirmed in small-scale and commercial testing, says Allied Mills’ Howard Leland.

“Based on what we’ve seen so far, we’ve rated Mascot as a Group one in our own list, joining Hereward, Paragon, Malacca, Solstice and Xi19 as preferred varieties for 2006.”

Mascot’s bread whiteness is noticeably better than Malacca and protein and specific weights were also slightly higher in four trials last year, he notes.