Maize harvest edges closer but coupled with drought warning

Maize crops in the South and on sandy soils are close to harvest, according to the latest Farmers Weekly Maize Watch report.  

The high temperatures last week moved dry matter (DM) forward by more than 4% on sandy soils, and these crops are testing at more than 30% DM, according to Neil Groom, technical manager for Grainseed.

However, in places, this warm weather has resulted in plants becoming drought-hit, and all the lower leaves are dead – a combination of yellow and brown and no longer upright, he adds.  

See also: Should bulky maize crops be cut high?

Growers should check the cobs on these plants and wait to get full grain maturity, says Mr Groom.

“If the leaves are dead there is less sugar and, therefore, energy. We want the grain to be fully mature so starch content is maximised.

“It’s a balance, since the dry leaf is harder to consolidate, but chopping shorter and using an extra buck rake or roller will help this,” he says.

John Hancock, sampling for Farmers Weekly in Sussex, has some good crops this season. “Summer rain has allowed the crop to express its full yield potential and cobs are very well filled. The plant is still too green for my liking, and I am planning to harvest early next week”.

Plan harvest now

Mr Groom says farmers should start planning harvest immediately. “With large trailers, operating a one-way system on country lanes is always a good idea and makes for safer travelling.

“Ensure there is enough space in front of the clamp to allow easy access for the trailers, so they can be tipped across the full width [of the clamp].”

Oxygen barrier sheets and nets should be ordered to ensure there is enough weight on top of the film to keep the air out. More weight on top will result in better preservation in the upper layers of the clamp, advises Mr Groom.

“It is important to look at your fields twice a week now and to keep the contractor informed of your maturity so the harvest team arrives when your crop is ready,” he adds.

Cutting advice

Target chop length should be discussed in advance with your nutritionist and the first trailers coming into the clamp should be checked to ensure this is met.

Independent nutritionist Hefin Richards, of Rumenation Nutrition Consultancy, says chop length will depend on maize DM and the level of maize in the diet.

He says the target should be to chop the material within 5mm of the target. For example, if the target is 15mm, there should be no material larger than 20mm.

The first few loads should also be checked for kernel processing, he adds.

“Every year, we see poorly processed crops which are a huge loss of potential and a waste of resource. The traditional view that a single crack in a maize kernel is sufficient is outdated.”

He says to assess effectiveness, take a one-litre container loosely filled with freshly harvested maize, spread it out, and count the number particles that are half a grain or more (one grain cut in half or two particles).

There should be no more than two halves or a small whole and a half grain.

Maize dry matters across the UK

Site

Drill date

Height above sea level (m)

Crop dry matter on 14 September (%)

Change from last week (%)

Petworth, Sussex

27 April

50

31.6

+4.3

Harleston, Norfolk

1 May

30

26.4

+0.9

Crediton, Devon

22 April

118

24.4

+0.3

Ticknall, Derbyshire

26 April

 67

26.4

+2.1

Narbeth, S Wales

11 May

32

24.0

-0.3

SRUC, Dumfries, Scotland PLASTIC

14 April

45

25.2

 

*Variety Es Tommen. Variety under plastic Es Lovely

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