Milk strikes have continued across Europe this week, with thousands of continental producers spraying milk on fields, blockading dairies and on Monday (21 September), creating a milk lake in front of the EU Commission building in Brussels.
The strikes have been co-ordinated by the European Milk Board in response to the collapse in milk prices that has hit the sector this year.
“Milk producers started these protests out of desperation,” said EMB president Romuald Schaber in a letter to EU Commission president Jose Manuel Barroso. “Tens of thousands are on the verge of ruin, because the increase in volumes operated by EU politicians accelerated a slump in prices in an over-saturated market.”
One of the EMB’s key demands was for an immediate 5% cut in milk quota and more “demand-driven supply control” in the medium term.
As well as a “fire and milk” demonstration in Brussels, French producers blockaded dairies around the country, while Belgian farmers sprayed millions of litres of milk on fields in the Walloon region. In Germany, farmers set fire to straw pyres and put them out with milk, while on Tuesday, Italian dairy farmers blocked the Brenner pass to Austria.
The European Milk Board said more than 80,000 milk producers from eight countries are on strike, with many thousands more expected to join shortly. But a statement from the French Federation of National Milk Producers (FNPL) said that just 7000 farmers, or 8% of the country’s milk producers, were withholding milk in that country, while the German farmers’ union DBV said fewer than 200 farmers (1%) were taking part in Germany.
Joop Kleibeuker, secretary general of the European Dairy Association, told FW that, while times were difficult, none of his members had reported any significant problems with getting enough milk to process. And Marie-Pierre Vernhes of the French milk industry body CNIEL confirmed that supplies were sufficient in France.
But, while the strike has not impacted on supplies to supermarkets, it has scored some political successes, with 19 member states now supporting a Franco-German call for a quota freeze and higher intervention prices. The French government has also launched a k250m loan scheme, targeted at young farmers and recent investors.
EU agriculture commissioner Mariann Fischer Boel also agreed to allow state aids of up to k15,000 to individual dairy farmers and said the commission would tweak the quota system to allow member states to take a small amount of quota off the market.
NFU president Peter Kendall this week wrote to Mrs Fischer Boel encouraging her to stick with the current policy, including the gradual phase-out of milk quota. “Like the commission, we are absolutely clear that milk quotas have played no role in the current crisis,” he said.