Money will be channelled through agri-environmental measures rather than direct subsidies as part of Defra secretary Michael Gove’s vision for a “Green Brexit” in England.
The Conservative government has guaranteed farmers will be paid the same level of subsidy that they currently receive from the European Union under the common agricultural policy (CAP) until the end of the next parliament, which is expected to be in 2022.
But after that, Mr Gove has indicated that direct subsidies will be phased out, ending in 2027.
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Farm minister George Eustice has previously indicated that outside the EU, the UK government would be able to pay farmers at least the same level of subsidies “or perhaps even more” after Brexit.
But the minister’s comments, made during Vote Leave’s EU referendum campaign in 2016, have yet to be backed up by any firm commitments from the government.
UK farmers currently receive around £3.1bn a year in CAP subsidies from Brussels. It remains unclear whether the Treasury will continue to fund farming to the same extent after 2022. However, we do know that farmers will instead be paid for “public goods”, including planting meadows and increasing public access to the countryside.