The value and potential of farmland varies enormously across the world. Politics, infrastructure, economy, geography and climate all play their part. Farmers Weekly asked the international teams at Savills, Brown & Co and Bidwells to tell us more.

Hover over the map below to see the price of land around the globe, then click on the links for more insight into each country.

Quality of farmland

Australia

(Matthew Sheldon and Philip Jarvis, Savills)

Australian farmland is highly variable in quality and subject to climatic volatility due to the large geographical area it spans. The farmland ranges from marginal land to some of the highest-quality productive farmland in the world. Due to the wide variations in productive capacity it is essential to appraise Australian farmland on a case by case basis.

Read more on the Australian land market

New Zealand

(Ian Monks, Bidwells)

Good, fertile soils, extensive pasture covering most of South Island land and uplands of North Island. Arable concentrated principally on the Canterbury Plains and North Island lowlands.

Read the on the New Zealand land market

USA

(John Cottingham, associate at Savills)

The US has an abundance of quality land, whether it be for broad-acre cropping or livestock. One issue an investor may face is the lack of available scale, because the majority of US crop land is segregated into relatively small plots.

Read more on the US land market

Germany

(Ian Monks, Bidwells)

Range of high-quality arable land principally focused in the central and western plains – lower-quality arable land on the drier eastern steppes and to the higher south, mainly forestry and grazing.

Read more on the German land market

Russia

(Wojtek Behnke, Brown & Co)

We are talking mostly of western Russia, which is that part between Ukraine and the Ural Mountains. This is a vast area of land with a range of soil types and different climatic conditions. Chernozem soils can be very heavy clays or clay loams, rich in mineral content and versatile.

Read more on the Russian land market

Ukraine

(Wojtek Behnke,Brown & Co)

Most of the region’s chernozem soils are within Ukraine. Land varies from light to heavy and farmed to unfarmed. Generally most land has significantly high production potential.

Read more on the Ukraine land market

Brazil

(Stephen Hall, Brown & Co)

Land quality varies, but is generally very good. Rainfall (at the right time) affects farm quality massively. Light land can experience water erosion if left as bare soil during rainy season. Often a cover crop is planted which serves two purposes – it protects the soil from erosion during periods of heavy rainfall and the trash from the cover crop preserves water during times when the new crop is trying to establish.

Read more on the Brazilian land market

Argentina

(Stephen Hall, Brown & Co)

Variable, with areas such as the Humid Pampa containing high-quality soil, the ability to crop twice within a year. The quality in more marginal provinces is often driven more by weather than land quality, where low rainfall can significantly affect yields or indeed whether a crop establishes at all.

Read more on the Argentinean land market

Poland

(Wojtek Behnke, Brown & Co)

Land varies from fenland peaty silt soils in the delta regions to heavy clays in the North East and lighter sandy soils in the West. In general the land is light and sandy. This soil type can be easily improved through better husbandry, and with an abundance of ground water, there are plenty of irrigation options.

Read more on the Polish land market

Romania

(James Cairns, Savills)

Varies hugely from very fertile soil on river floodplains to dry, poor and mountainous land suitable for forestry. 

Read more on the Romanian land market

Hungary

(James Cairns, Savills)

Mix of farming operations. There are some highly-fertile soils depending on where they are located.

Read more on the Hungarian land market

Mozambique

(James Cairns, Savills)

Varies hugely from very fertile, red loamy soil suitable for top cropping to bare, sandy soil only suitable for extensive ranching. Climate and rainfall have a large influence as well.

Read more on the Mozambiquan land market

Paraguay

(Wilfred Morren, Savills)

Cropland in eastern and southern Paraguay is of very good quality and the predominantly cattle land in western Paraguay (Chaco) also can be very fertile. Climate is more unpredictable, with a wet season from December to April, and there are droughts conditions at times. In Chaco there is a lot of bare land and tropical rainforest. The presence of water resources is important.

Read more on the Paraguayan land market

Uruguay

(Wilfred Morren, Savills)

There is a mix of high-quality arable land in the west and centre, grassland in the north and forestry in the east of Uruguay. Typically Uruguayan farms have a mix of agricultural activities combining crop and cattle on a single property.

Read more on the Uruguayan land market

Zambia

(James Cairns, Savills)

Varies hugely from very fertile red loamy soil suitable for top cropping to bare sandy soil only suitable for extensive ranching. Climate and rainfall have a large influence as well.

Read more on the Zambian land market

UK

(Stephen Hall, Brown & Co)

As a generalisation, high-quality arable land in the East with occasional double-cropping silts. Highly productive grassland in the West. Martime climate allows for mixed conditions and a range of farming practices across the board.

Read more on the UK land market


Information has been supplied by the following agents:

Stephen Hall and Wojtek Behnke, international investments team at Brown & Co. The company deals with farmland across Europe, in Russia, Argentina, Columbia and the US. 

James Cairns, Matthew Sheldon, Wilfred Morren and associate John Cottingham, with Philip Jarvis at Direct Agriculture on behalf of Savills, international farmland team at Savills. The company works on farmland deals across the world and is currently conducting transactions in Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and South America. 

Ian Monks, head of rural services at Bidwells. The company is involved in farmland deals from the Americas to Australasia and also across Europe.