A reduced sensitivity to a key blight fungicide is being partly blamed for the spread of a new strain of the potato disease across Europe, with UK farmers urged to alternate their fungicide actives this season.
The Dark Green 37 (EU-37) strain of blight was first detected in the Netherlands in 2013 and it has now spread to England, German, Belgium and north-west France.
Worryingly, this strain of the most important potato disease is spreading at a time when other clones have failed to establish.
However, new results published this week by Wageningen University and Research point to resistance to a key blight fungicide being a possible factor in its rise, as well as its fitness.
The rise of the EU-37 strain of blight in Northern Europe
- 2013 The Dark Green 37 (EU-37) strain of blight was first detected in the Netherlands
- 2014 and 2015 In the first two seasons after its discovery, the EU-37 strain was sampled locally at a low frequency
- 2016 Results from the latest EuroBlight survey published in April shows the strain accounted for 5.5% of the EU population sampled in 2016. It was found in samples from England, Germany, Belgium and north-west France.
“All EU-37 isolates displayed a reduced sensitivity to the fungicide active fluazinam,” said the university.
Researchers tested isolates from the Netherlands and Germany, which were obtained from fields with a clear reduced efficacy of fluazinam or from potato stores with unexpectedly high tuber blight infection levels.
Work is ongoing but in the meantime, the Dutch researchers advise growers to follow good resistance management.
This will not only prevent problems with a disappointing efficacy with the fungicide, also prevent the further rise of EU-37.
Ruairidh Bain, potato consultant at the James Hutton Institute agrees there is a need for good resistance management.
He advises against spraying fluazinam on its own and also recommends alternating it with other active ingredients with different modes of action.
However, when using it in a ready-formulated product mix, care is needed on what the co-form is.
“Some co-forms like cymoxanil are not ideal partners [for resistance management], as they do not persist in the plant long enough,” he said.
“So if you do want to use fluazinam, go for something like Hubble, as the co-form [dimethomorph] has greater persistence.”
- To help monitor any changes in blight strains this season, David Cooke of the James Hutton Institute urges the Blight Scouts taking part in the AHDB Fight Against Blight service to submit samples where a new strain is suspected.