DIFFERENT WORD, same meaning. Many parts of the UK have their own unique dialect, but few other industries can have so many words which mean the same thing. Here’s a brief rundown of a few livestock terms from around the country.
Teg, hogg, shearling, two tooth, hogget, theave or chilver: A sheep, particularly a ewe, older than 12 months, but less than 24 months.
Gimmer: An untupped female sheep, either a lamb or a shearling.
Dyke: Either a wall or a ditch, depending on area.
Mislaid, couped, cast or belly up: An animal, usually a sheep, stuck on its back.
Jag or jab: An injection.
Flank, race or yards: A handling pen.
Close, yard, faad or court: Enclosed area of hardstanding, commonly used for handling animals in.
Stirk: A six to 12 month old heifer or a yearling heifer or bullock.
Yeld, barren or maid: A female animal which has failed to conceive.
Blades, dagging irons or shears: Hand shears.
Stot: Weaned steer calf.
Quickset, hedge or ditch: Field boundary of shrubby trees.
Crescent, shifter or ‘justie: Adjustable Spanner.
Cornage: Rent payable according to the number of cattle held.
Hagg, moss, carrs or bog: Peaty or boggy ground.
Sheiling: Summer pasture or a shelter connected to the same.
Shippon, byre, barn, shed or house: A building for housing stock in, particularly cattle.
Sock lambs, caid lambs, bottle lambs or orphan lambs: Lambs being reared off their mother.