16 November 2001


THIS is week two of the farmers weekly/Nuflor from Schering-Plough Animal Health. You could win one of

eight prizes of £1250-worth of Ritchey Tagg Tru-Test weighing equipment. Just read the text, answer the

question on this page and then fill in the coupon that will appear in the Dec 7 edition of farmers weekly.

What can I do to prevent pneumonia?

Both environmental factors and infectious organisms interact to cause an outbreak of pneumonia. So your control programme must target both issues.

Environmental factors

Environmental factors can stress a calf and weaken its defences, allowing infection to take hold. A number of factors can be involved. These include sick animals not being isolated, mixing groups of calves, transport, exposure to draughts, overstocking, inadequate ventilation, temperature extremes, poor hygiene or drainage and poor access to feed.

What can you do about it?

Improve existing housing by looking at your management practices and stocking rates as well as checking ventilation flows within the building.

Infectious organisms

Bacteria – Bacterial infection tends to cause the most serious type of pneumonia. There are three main culprits, Mannheimia haemolytica (which used to be known as Pasteurella haemolytica), Pasturella multocida and Haemophilus somnus (see graph). All have toxic and inflammatory effects that cause lung damage.

What can you do?

&#8226 Discuss the best antibiotic treatment with your vet.

&#8226 Treat early to avoid lung damage and costly retreatment.

&#8226 Trust an antibiotic that is effective against all three main pneumonia-causing bacteria right from the start.

Viruses – although sometimes severe on their own, they tend to produce a mild form of pneumonia. But they weaken a calfs natural defences, allowing more serious bacterial infections to take hold. Although pneumonia viruses cannot be killed by antibiotics, they may be prevented by vaccination.

What can you do?

&#8226 Check with your vet whether a vaccination programme would be appropriate.

&#8226 Use laboratory tests to identify which pathogens are present in an outbreak.

Now answer the question on this page and keep the answer in a safe place. Then fill in the coupon that will appear in the Dec 7 edition of farmers weekly. Eight readers will each win a voucher worth £1250 that can be used to buy their choice of unit from Ritchey Taggs extensive range of Tru-Test electronic livestock weighing equipment.

Environmental factors like A – sick animals not isolated, B – mixing groups, C – transport, D – exposure to draughts, E – overstocking, F – inadequate ventilation, G – extremes

of temperature, &#42 – poor hygiene/ drainage, I – poor access to food can all stress a calf and weaken its defences.

Nuflor benefits

&#8226 Proven first-line antibiotic for pneumonia.

&#8226 Effective against all major bacterial causes of pneumonia.

&#8226 No recorded resistance.

&#8226 Easy one-shot administration for up to five days cover.

&#8226 Farmers prefer Nuflor when treating pneumonia.

&#8226 Now available in extra-value 250ml bottles.

POM. Contains florfenicol. For further information and advice, consultyour veterinary surgeon.

Schering-Plough Animal Health, Breakspear Road South, Harefield, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB9 6LS

Question 2:

How many types of bacteria are mainly responsible for causing pneumonia?

Please keep a note of the answer and use it to fill in the coupon that will appear on the competition page in the Dec 7 issue of FW.


1. How are the 8 £1250 vouchers for Ritchey Tagg weighing equipment to be won? Read the text and then study the question that will be published in each of the FW issues of Nov 9, 16, 23, 30 and Dec 7. There will be a chance to answer all five questions and complete the tie-breaker in the coupon in the Dec 7 issue.

2. The prize is one of 8 £1250 vouchers for Ritchey Tagg weighing equipment. No cash alternatives are available.

3. The decision of the judges and of the editor of FARMERS WEEKLY will in all matters be final and legally binding.

4. The completed entry forms are the property of FARMERS WEEKLY and Schering-Plough Animal Health.

5. The competition is open to all farmers and farm managers in Great Britain.

6. The closing date for receiving completed coupons is Fri, Dec 21. They should be addressed to: FARMERS

WEEKLY/Nuflor Competition, FARMERS

WEEKLY, Quadrant House, The Quadrant, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5AS.

The prize

Win £1250-worth of

Ritchey Tagg Tru-Test quick and accurate livestock

weighing equipment – so

you can monitor how well

cattle recover after

treatment with Nuflor

See more