2020 farm profit at lowest in real terms for 13 years

UK farming profits fell by almost 16% in 2020, to a total of £4,119m, according to a Defra update on its initial forecast made in December.

When adjusted for inflation, the £4,119m total income from farming (Tiff) figure is a 21% drop and the lowest real-terms farming profit since 2007.

While the new figures show a lower drop before the effect of inflation, compared with the department’s December forecast, there is greater detail, including the stark implications of the Covid-19 pandemic on diversified businesses.

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Almost all of the fall in farming profits is represented by the reduction in the value of outputs, as costs overall were similar to the previous year.

The main driver of the fall was the effect of adverse weather on cropping output in particular, which dropped by £999m (10% down).

Wheat, oilseed rape, seed production and diversified activities saw the largest falls in output.

£310m loss in diversification income

The income from diversified activities took a 20% hit, which represents a £310m loss to the sector.

These combined to more than offset a £490m rise in income from livestock outputs.


While costs overall were similar to the 2019 level, there were significant falls in energy and fertiliser costs in 2020, while the amounts paid in rent and interest are estimated to have fallen by 2% and 5%, respectively.

Output for an annual work unit of farm labour fell to £20,562 in 2020, compared with an average of £27,595 in 2013-17.

In 2020, agriculture’s contribution to the UK economy, also expressed as gross value added, was £9,435m. This represents a fall of £676m (6.7%) compared with 2019.

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