Danish pig feed bills are being slashed after a review on manure-spreading legislation has enabled pig farmers to produce higher protein cereal and cut soya consumption.
The simpler method of calculating manure spreading across Danish farmland – trialled this year – is allowing nitrogen applications at the EU standard of 170kg/ha of nitrogen.
Previously, stringent Danish rules restricted pig farmers to only spread 140kg/ha of nitrogen, with farms often having to plug the protein gap with soya.
The Danish Agriculture and Food Council decision means savings of €1 (90p) a head for pig finishers growing feed wheat at 8% crude protein, according to SEGES Pig Research Centre calculations.
For Danish consultant and pig farmer Søren Søndergaard, this means a saving of DKK6-8 (75-80p) a pig on his 34,000 head pig operation near Billund where he takes pigs to 30kg and finished weight.
“Due to higher daily gains from feeding wheat and barley I can feed 3% less soya,” he told the Herning Congress.
“Next year we are likely to see phosphate rules change and that may result in restrictions for sow producers, but as nitrate applications increase we expect protein to increase again next year too.”
Saving £1.80 a sow
Further east, Jacob Justesen is expecting to use 25% less soya on his 1,000 sow unit where he crops 360ha wheat, barley, rye and beans for feeding as well as oilseed rape.
Being able to grow “better cereal” this harvest has been worth about DKK15 (£1.80) a sow to the farm, he explains.
He says the nitrate restrictions have cost him and his father Svend about DKK600,000 (£72,000) as they’ve only been able to grow cereal at 7-8% crude protein.
“We hope that next year we will see more savings,” Mr Justesen told Farmers Weekly.
“We are unsure about the phosphate changes that are due but we understand these are likely to be tighter.
“Rather than calculate nitrate spreading on animal units we will need approval on housing units and we can now spread 170kg/ha of N – but this change only makes us the same as the rest of Europe.”
Producing more with less
Extra scrutiny on agricultural inputs on Danish farms in recent decades has accompanied increasing productivity, as illustrated by state figures showing constant and increasing output while pollutants have fallen.
From 1990 to 2014 overall agricultural production has increased 22% while greenhouse gas emissions (-16%), diffuse nitrogen (-43%), ammonia (-44%), phosphorous surplus (-83%), have all declined.
“Its important for our businesses that we compete on a level playing field,” said Claus Fertin, CEO of SEGES Pig Research Centre.
“We are able to produce two pigs with the same nitrogen and phosphate application it took to produce one pig in 1986.
“This productivity gain sounds almost impossible to continue at this speed.
“From a sustainability perspective, we are trying to feed the world on a respectable level.”