Government should spend a similar amount of money on agriculture as it currently does post-Brexit, but direct payments should be scrapped, with more emphasis on supporting farmers, not landowners.
Those are the overarching aims of two new reports from the Soil Association (SA) and the Land Workers’ Alliance (LWA) as their contribution to the debate on a future UK agricultural policy.
The Soil Association, which represents the organic sector, has set out six “game changing” proposals, which it says have the potential to transform farming and land use (see Soil Association game changers).
“One potential game-changer is agroforestry, bringing trees into fields, which could up productivity, boost wildlife and help tackle climate change,” says Tom MacMillan, the SA’s director of innovation.
“If our government aimed for half of farms to try it, as the French are doing, it could be transformative.”
The SA is also demanding more support for practical innovation by farmers, with government putting 10% of the £450m agricultural research budget into projects led by farmers.
“Many of the best ideas in farming already come from farmers, and we’ll depend on their ingenuity more than ever in this time of change,” said Mr MacMillan.
The SA is also suggesting soil stewardship payments as part of a new UK agricultural policy, “to incentivise farmers to increase the organic matter of the soil”.
The LWA has also presented a list of 45 recommendations which it hopes will influence government thinking.
Some of the more radical ideas include a shift away from export markets so UK farmers can focus on meeting UK demand for food, and 20% VAT on meat and meat products to suppress consumption.
It also wants to see support payments for small-scale farmers and new entrants, and policies introduced that help steer land prices downwards.
There should be specific labelling on food products which involve the use of artificial fertilisers, pesticides, herbicides and GM materials, it adds.
The reports were commissioned by Green MEP Molly Scott Cato.
“Brexit could be a unique opportunity to move towards an ecologically sustainable farming system; one that focuses on supporting family farms and relocalising food production, thereby creating thriving rural communities,” she said.
“We can also refocus land management to encourage biodiversity, improve animal welfare and help tackle climate change.”
Soil Association “game changers”
Agroforestry – with capital grants and maintenance payments
Soil health – including soil stewardship payments
Organic farming – with an extension of organic conversion and maintenance payments
Animal welfare – with incentives to encourage the transition to extensive farming systems
Farmer innovation – diverting at least 10% of the public R&D purse to farmer-led projects
Public procurement – with more emphasis on food quality, rather than price