Know How / ELM

The Environmental Land Management (ELM) scheme will replace basic payments to farmers in England. The scheme will provide payments for farming that improves the environment and mitigates climate change, such as hedge planting and river management.

We explain the details as they emerge to help farmers understand how they will qualify for payments under the scheme.

Advice and tips


4 environmental options for arable growers in switch to ELMs

Arable growers are being encouraged to try out current stewardship options to ready themselves for the switch from direct subsidies to environmentally focus payments. With direct support from the Basic…


Farm resilience fund - where and how to access free advice

Farm businesses can now access free consultancy advice to help them navigate the loss of the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) and the move to the Environmental Land Management scheme. Defra’s…


Advice for navigating changes in farm support

The phase-out of the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) is set to have a huge impact on farm incomes across England. After the first cuts this year, farm businesses face the…


Is there still a future in AD plants for UK farmers?

Despite challenges due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the UK anaerobic digester (AD) sector grew by 11% in the year to April 2021, according to National Non-Food Crops Centre (NNFCC) figures.…

See all

Case studies


How a grower is preparing for ELMs as direct subsidy ends

Patrick Wrixon is set to use herbal leys and break crops on his Herefordshire farm to prepare for the end of direct farm subsidies, and also help improve his soil’s…


How the Monitor farms plan to restructure to fill BPS gap

Making significant savings and finding other income streams are the two top priorities for the four East Midlands Monitor Farms, as they plan for the post-Brexit future. The loss of…


How a Sussex arable farmer is preparing for the ELM scheme

Taking 16% of his arable land out of production and introducing measures which will improve the farm’s natural capital are how West Sussex grower Mark Chandler is preparing his arable…

See all



How Local Nature Recovery collaborative schemes could work

Collaboration between farmers, as well as other stakeholders, is likely to be crucial in unlocking funding within the Local Nature Recovery and Landscape Recovery parts of Defra’s Environmental Land Management…


Essex farm bought for £2m to showcase rewilding

An Essex farm is to showcase how rewilding can generate an income for landowners, while enhancing biodiversity and the environment. Landscape company Ground Control bought Grays Farm, in the village…


How the new Arable Soils Standard could help fill the BPS gap

Early indications based on figures announced by Defra in early July suggest that while the new Sustainable Farming Incentive (SFI) could fill the BPS shortfall for some farmers, large farms…


Analysis: What's on offer for farmers as the SFI takes shape

Slowly but surely, the post-Brexit jigsaw seems to be taking shape, with a number of government announcements and consultations in recent months providing a bit more detail on the shape…

See all



Government watchdog casts doubt on ELM scheme delivery

A government watchdog has criticised the rapid introduction of Defra’s Sustainable Farming Incentive (SFI) scheme and raised concerns over a lack of farmer interest in the pilot. In March, Defra…


SFI and CS payments to be higher and fairer, promises Defra

Defra has pledged that payments under the Sustainable Farming Incentive (SFI) and Countryside Stewardship will be regularly reviewed to make sure they give a fairer return for farmers. Janet Hughes,…


Defra fleshes out plans for Landscape Recovery pilot

Defra is looking for sites of between 500 to 5,000 "connected" hectares in England for its Landscape Recovery scheme this autumn and is inviting bids for the first wave of…


SFI pilot scheme now open for English applications

Applications for the Sustainable Farming Incentive (SFI) pilot scheme have opened, with all 2,178 farmers who submitted an expression of interest earlier in the year now invited to take part.…

See all